High Level Nuclear Waste from Past to Present
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High Level Nuclear Waste from Past to Present Policy and Prophecy by

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Published by Technical Info Project Inc .
Written in English

Book details:

The Physical Object
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL11138969M
ISBN 100686293738
ISBN 109780686293736

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The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of directed DOE to investigate candidate sites for disposing of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. It also directed the President to consider whether a separate disposal facility would be required for the defense-related nuclear waste. Radioactive waste is a type of hazardous waste that contains radioactive ctive waste is a by-product of various nuclear technology processes. Industries generating radioactive waste include nuclear medicine, nuclear research, nuclear power, manufacturing, construction, coal and rare-earth mining, and nuclear weapons reprocessing. Page 32 - Germany is testing the suitability of a salt formation near the town of Gorleben as a deep geologic repository for high-level waste. If the site proves satisfactory, Germany plans to begin depositing high-level waste for final disposal in However, Germany has faced considerable opposition to its nuclear power and waste facilities. The composition of high-level nuclear waste is now very different than what was considered in the National Research Council report. The main difference is that the United States and a number of other countries with nuclear programs now plan to dispose of spent nuclear reactor fuel as high-level radioactive waste, without reprocessing.

The NRC divides waste from nuclear plants into two categories: high-level and low-level. High-level waste is mostly used fuel. Low-level waste includes items like gloves, tools or machine parts that have been exposed to radioactive materials and makes up most of the volume of waste produced by plants. A Few Notes: Radioactive waste is produced by a number of sources, but by far the largest quantities — in terms of both radioactivity and volume — are generated by the commercial nuclear power and military nuclear weapons production industries, and by nuclear fuel cycle activities to support these industries such as uranium mining and processing. Over the past 30 years in the United States, nuclear power production. has gradually increased at about 3% a year for the last decade. At present, the total number of long-term, commercial, below-ground nuclear waste depository sites in use in the United States is One of the major problems associated with long-term, high-level nuclear. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of created a timetable and procedure for establishing a permanent, underground repository for high-level radioactive waste by the mids, and provided for some temporary federal storage of waste, including spent fuel from civilian nuclear reactors. State governments were authorized to veto a national.

The NWPA assigns the Department of Energy (DOE) the responsibility to site, build, and operate a deep geologic repository for the disposal of high-level waste and spent nuclear fuel. It directs EPA to develop standards for protection of the general environment from offsite releases of radioactive material in .   The first deep geological repositories for high-level waste and spent nuclear fuel are expected to begin operation in Europe between and In Finland, a .   What’s more, the industry has so far generated nearly , tonnes of high-level nuclear waste, and counting. To be safe, it must be isolated from all . on final disposal of high-level nuclear waste. The dis-posal of high-level nuclear waste [] is gaining a new momentum [4] due to the need for more electricity with minimal emission of CO. 2. andother greenhouse gases to limit global warming. Apart from disposal of safely produced SNF or high- level radioactive waste, the possibility of.